What is Broadband or Internet?
Broadband means higher bandwidth connection which provides high data speed to customers. It is an always on internet connection service by which a subscriber or user can use interactive services like Voice, Video on Demand, IPTV, etc. The minimum speed for a Broadband connection in India was 256 Kbps. Later on, it has been increased to 512 Kbps. Broadband technologies are of two types i.e. Wired and wireless.
Wired Internet types
1. Digital Subscriber Line which is commonly known as DSL Technology
DSL Technology needs Copper wire connection to provide internet services. A DSL modem is installed at Home which is used for modulation and demodulation purpose. The quality of Copper wire and distance from telephone exchange affects the speed of the connection. DSL connections are dedicated one, means bandwidth or speed of connections isn’t shared with other subscribers.
2. Cable Modem
Cable TV modem is used to provide internet services. In this type of connection speed is divided and it will depend on upon the number of connection on the cable network.
3. Optical Fiber Technology or FTTH
FTTH Broadband connections are provided on Optical Fiber line. Speed of fiber connection is very high as compared to the other internet technologies.
- Read it also: BSNL FTTH Modem setup guide
4. Broadband over Power Line
This technique is commonly known as BPL. A BPL modem is required to access the internet facility using this technology.
Wired Broadband service providers in India
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL)
Atria Convergence Tech
Wireless Internet types
1. 3G or WCDMA
3G is an acronym of 3rd (Third) Generation mobile networks, it supports both voice and data services, Maximum data rates up to 2 Mbps is possible. 3G technology is mainly designed for multimedia application such as VOIP, Video calling, Movies on demand, Games, and many other internet services.
2. Long Term Evolution (LTE)/ LTE Advanced/4G
4G technology is also called the 4th generation of mobile technology after the 3G. It offers much higher speed than 3G services.
3. Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity)
Wi-Fi is registered trademark by the Wi-Fi Alliance. It also refers any type of 802.11 (802.11a or 802.11b) IEEE standards networks. It is used to provide the Wireless access of LAN or Internet to Mobile, PC, Laptop, Tab, etc.
- Read it also: How to make a secure Wi-Fi connection at Home
WiMAX is an acronym of Worldwide Interoperability for microwave access. IEEE has developed IP-based 802.16 standards for this wireless technology. The primary purpose of this technology is to provide Broadband access to rural and urban areas where it’s hard to provide broadband service on copper or fiber.
Advantages of Broadband
High data speed
User can access Voice and data simultaneously
Other services like IPTV, Video on Demand and Online Gaming may be subscribed on same connection
Wireless Internet service Providers in India